As with Mary at the wedding at Cana, tomorrow the whole Church unites with Mary in presenting to her Son the great need that the people of Ukraine have right now. At Cana, Mary plead to her Son for the sake of a new bride and groom and their guests: “They have no wine.” Now, with her, we will plead for the victims of this war: “They have no peace.”
On Tuesday, March 15, Pope Francis announced his intention to consecrate Russia and Ukraine to the Immaculate Heart of Mary on Solemnity of the Annunciation—tomorrow, March 25. With this act of consecration, the Holy Father has invited all the bishops of the world to simultaneously join him in their cathedrals for prayer, along with their priests and the faithful of their dioceses. In a rare act, this consecration represents a great mobilization of prayer by the universal Church for peace in a specific region and between two countries currently at war.
Outside of Rome, Russia, and Ukraine, another place that will be the center of attention will be a small village in Portugal. At Fatima, the papal envoy Cardinal Konrad Krajewski will join with Pope Francis and consecrate both countries in the place where the Blessed Mother asked for Russia to be consecrated to her Immaculate Heart during her apparitions to three young children in 1917.
Although the children had no idea of the significance of Mary’s messages to them at the time, the prophetic nature of her words has been proven by the events that unfolded in the history of Europe in the twentieth century. The Blessed Mother’s first apparition to Jacinta Marto, her brother Francisco, and their cousin Lucia, took place in Fatima on May 13, 1917, shortly before the Bolshevik revolution in Russia, where the aristocracy was overthrown and a new communist government came to power. It was a revolution that would result in thousands of laity, priests, and religious being killed, exiled, or sent to concentration camps as the Soviet Union came into existence and asserted its power.
During the apparition of July 13, 1917, Our Lady asked through the three children for the consecration of Russia to her Immaculate Heart together with prayer and reparation on the First Saturday of every month, stating that if this request was not fulfilled, Russia would “spread her errors throughout the world, causing wars and persecutions of the Church.” She warned that unless there was prayer and penance, “the good will be martyred . . . various nations will be annihilated.” She then concluded with a note of hope: “In the end my Immaculate Heart will triumph. The Holy Father will consecrate Russia to me, she will be converted and a period of peace will be granted to the world.”
Since February 24 of this year, the beginning of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, the Blessed Mother’s prophecy that “the good will be martyred . . . [and] various nations will be annihilated” is seen in sharp relief in the light of present developments in Eastern Europe. While the good were martyred and various nations were annihilated during the last century under the Soviets, the words of Mary seem to take on an unnerving relevance as we see Ukraine’s sovereignty violated and thousands of innocent people killed since the invasion began.
As part of Our Lady’s prophecy in 1917, she foretold that “the Holy Father will have much to suffer.” Three years later, a child was born in Poland, behind the iron curtain created after the events in Russia in 1917. This child, born in Wadowice on May 18, 1920, would become the Holy Father in October 1978. Karol Wojtyla certainty did suffer, both before he became pope and also afterwards, not least when he was shot and seriously wounded on the feast of Our Lady of Fatima on May 13, 1981.
After he recovered—and on this same Solemnity in March 1984—Pope John Paul II offered prayers of solemn consecration of the world to the Immaculate Heart of Mary. While these prayers did not specifically mention Russia, many believe that John Paul II did so privately. On that occasion, while recalling the “yes” uttered by Mary at the Annunciation, the Holy Father prayed:
Behold, as we stand before you, Mother of Christ, before your Immaculate Heart, we desire, together with the whole Church, to unite ourselves with the consecration which, for love of us, your Son made of himself to the Father. “For their sake,” he said, “I consecrate myself that they also may be consecrated in the truth” (Jn. 17:19). We wish to unite ourselves with our Redeemer in this his consecration for the world and for the human race, which, in his divine heart, has the power to obtain pardon and to secure reparation.”
With these words, the pope rooted the idea of consecration in Christ’s desire that his disciples of every age be consecrated to him and his truth—a desire he expressed on the night before he died. This is also the sense implied in the consecration of the world to the Immaculate Heart of Mary and the peace that flows from such a prayerful act. As Cardinal Ratzinger, then-Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, explained in the year 2000:
The heart open to God, purified by contemplation of God, is stronger than guns and weapons of every kind. The fiat of Mary, the word of her heart, has changed the history of the world, because it brought the Saviour into the world—because, thanks to her “YES” God could become human in our world and remains so for all time. The Evil One has power in this world, as we see and experience continually; he has power because our freedom continually lets itself be led away from God. But since God himself took a human heart and has thus steered human freedom towards what is good, the freedom to choose evil no longer has the last word. From that time forth, the word that prevails is this: “In the world, you will have tribulation, but take heart: I have overcome the world” (Jn. 16:33). The message of Fatima invites us to trust in that promise.
This is the spirit in which Pope Francis will consecrate Russia and Ukraine to Mary’s Immaculate Heart, on a day that recalls and celebrates her assent to God’s will and her faith in the power of her Son to meet any need.
By inviting all the faithful around the world to join him, Pope Francis is uniting the Church and focusing her faith in Christ’s final triumph over sin and death that he achieved on the cross and that burst forth in new life on Easter Sunday. As he consecrates Russia and Ukraine to the Immaculate Heart of Mary, we pray with him that the fruit of peace that flows from that victory of Christ may be realized concretely in Ukraine at this time of darkness. We do this in hope and with the promise of Our Lady of Fatima in our hearts: “In the end my Immaculate Heart will triumph.”