David is the paradigm of the good king in the Old Testament. His kingship recalls that of Adam in the Garden of Eden, and yet it points toward the King of kings, Jesus Christ.
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Adam was the first king and steward of the rightly ordered Garden of Eden. He was called to govern the garden according to God’s mind and purpose, but by allowing negative influences to wreak havoc on Eden, he did not fulfill his kingly responsibility. Long after Adam, David emerged as the definitive king who would restore order in the Garden and bring the world under the lordship of God. But like Adam, David fell, and his reign ushered in a succession of compromised kings and rejected prophets. But God promised a son of David who would realize the fullness of Israelite kingship...but whose actual reign defied expectation.
King David causes us to look back toward Adam’s kingship and forward toward Christ the King, seeing Christ as the fulfillment of the Davidic line and the realization of the Kingdom of God on earth. In David the King, Bishop Barron helps us to understand this pivotal figure in light of the first king and the King of kings.
The video-based study program can be experienced individually or in a group. Groups meet for seven 90-minute sessions to explore the Davidic themes of kingship in the Old Testament and their fulfillment in Christ. Each session includes video viewing and small group discussion of the Study Guide questions. Participants read the commentary in the Study Guide and prepare the questions before the small group discussion.
This preparation can be done either before or after they view the video, as the Commentary in each lesson is very detailed. The Study Guide Commentary was written by Dr. Jacob Wood, associate professor of Theology at Franciscan University of Steubenville, under the direction of Bishop Barron.
In addition to the Commentary, each section of the study guide includes “Questions for Understanding" based on Bishop Barron’s video presentation, Scripture and the Catechism of the Catholic Church. Each section also includes “Questions for Application" that help you connect the material to your own life and experience.
The Leader’s Kit provides essential resources for lay discussion leaders, including the DVD, study guide, facilitator guide, answer key, Bishop Barron’s book 2 Samuel, and 10 booklets, Called to Kingship, that illustrate how all the baptized are called to be kings of their own environment.
Leaders can also register for a free training webinar which teaches the best ways to run an effective David the King study group.
Lesson One: “Introduction”
- Lesson 1
- Lesson 2
- Lesson 3
- Lesson 4
- Lesson 5
- Lesson 6
Lesson One: “The Law of the Gift”
Opening up the first and second books of Samuel, Bishop Barron tells the story of Hannah, the mother of Samuel who was a great prophet and an instrument of God’s selection of Israel’s first king, Saul, and their second king, David. Hannah is barren and pleads with God to give her a son. When he does, she consecrates her son to the temple, giving away the gift she so much desired. This is the law of the gift – “your being increases in the measure you give it away.”
Lesson Two: “Your Servant is Listening”
Living and serving with the high priest, Eli, in the temple, Samuel hears the Lord calling him one night. So begins his vocation as a great prophet in the midst of a corrupt priesthood (Eli and his sons) and a tone-deaf Israel that has turned its back on the word of God.
Lesson Three: “Warrior of God”
King Saul did not completely obey the Lord during his reign, so God decided it was time for a new king.
He directed Samuel to meet Jesse’s sons for the new king was to be among them. The first seven sons did not meet the test and Samuel asked, “Are these all the sons you have?” David, the youngest, was called in from the field and was anointed by Samuel. He served in the court of Saul initially, and during battle with the Philistines, he slew the giant, Goliath.
Lesson Four: “Gathered in Jerusalem”
Due to David’s success in battle, he became more popular than Saul, arousing Saul’s jealousy. A war ensues between the two men and eventually Saul dies and David ascends to power. David conquers Jerusalem and reunites the twelve tribes there. David brings the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem and establishes the city as Israel’s capital and center of “right praise.”
Lesson Five: “House of David”
David enjoys a time of rest from his enemies and plans to build a temple for the Ark of the Covenant. God tells him not to build the temple as he himself will build an everlasting house for David’s descendants. God promises in this new covenant with Israel that a son of David will come and rule Israel and all the nations forever. Jesus is the fulfillment of the Davidic covenant and the Church is the new Israel.
Lesson Six: “Absalom, My Son!”
David commits egregious sins of adultery and murder, so God declares that the sword will never leave David’s house. David’s children are sinful and his son, Absalom, even rebels against David starting a civil war. David’s army kills Absalom and David mourns his lost son and wishes he had died in his place, foreshadowing the death of the God man, Jesus, as a sacrifice for his own children.